The purpose of this article is to offer to advancing students and physicians a path to understanding functional pathology. It forms the basis of bedside diagnosis: made when the physician and patient are in each other's presence, versus a ''remote diagnosis,'' made when the patient and physician are separated.


At the beginning of the 20th century, the physical signs and symptoms were reaching an apex of clinical and diagnostic importance. For more than a century physicians had impressed the public with their perception of parts of the body that most never knew existed: heart murmurs, deep tendon reflexes, blood pressure, retinal vasculature, neurological signs of disease, etc. Patients could come to only one conclusion: The doctor will be able to feel, hear, and see more of my body than I can. Therefore, the idea that a physician should see into a patient began not in 1895, when Whilhelm Conrad Rontgen published On a New Kind of Rays, announcing the discovery of x-rays; rather, the role of the physician as an extraordinary perceiver began in 1761 with the New Invention of Leopold Auenbrugger who first described the technique of percussion in a treatise in Latin entitled Inventum Novum (or New Invention).


Over a half a century has elaborated a system by Dr. Reinhold Voll called ''electro-acupuncture'', a form of diagnostics and therapy (well known as the ''EAV'' method) which has been used successfully in the clinical practice in more than in 100 countries around the World. Doctors of different specializations gave high appreciation of Voll''s method, but our younger generation of doctors have not taken up this method of diagnosis and treatment.

The basis of Dr. Voll`s concept was on the classical Oriental acupuncture system. The EAV method enabled us to prove experimentally and clinically the full interaction between well-known acupuncture points and specified organs-tissue structures of human body.  This is accepted and reported in my book Touch Diagnosis.

The designed electronic devices, which use the Dr. Voll`s method, provided the detection of the acupuncture points as ''information signals'' and the converting them into an understandable language, namely: the language of etiology, pathogenesis, nosological diagnosis and focal, pathological localizations. However, being a 1950''s style, Voll''s transistorized device, its sensitivity was limited and many complained of the undue pressure on the skin required to garner readings, which could be painful, uncomfortable at the least.




The first EAV devices were developed by Reinhold Voll in the 1950s. In 1958, he combined Chinese acupuncture theory with galvanic skin differentials to produce his EAV system. His first transistorized model was the Dermatron. The diagnostic procedure is most commonly referred to as Electroacupuncture according to Voll (EAV) or electrodermal screening (EDS).


The author in the early 1980''s, took up the task to redesign the instrument, using integrated circuits. The result was dramatically reduced need to apply undue pressure to the skin, while at the same time increased sensitivity to the skin''s information signals. Since 1989, this instrument, the Biotron, has needed few improvements in integral design. What more was needed, however, was a deeper understanding of the acupuncture points themselves, new stylus probes respecting differences in bodily skin resistance over different areas, e.g. scalp versus the hands and feet, etc. according to found clinical applications.

Known to relatively few in this field, was the voluminous research by other researchers in the 1950''s known as Electrodermatography, which is the recording of the electrical resistance of the skin in relation to body pathology. In skin conductance, an electrodermographer imposes an imperceptible current across the skin and measures how easily it travels through the skin. The electrodermatogram (EDG) is derived by a particular method of measuring skin resistance and the subject of an article by the author here. The crux of the research indeed confirmed that internal pathology is detectable at minute terminal nerve endings in the skin via the dermatomes.

A dermatome is an area of skin supplied by sensory neurons that arise from a spinal nerve ganglion. Symptoms that follow a dermatome (e.g. like pain or a rash) generally indicate a pathology that involves the related nerve root and its internal connections to the spinal canal. Examples include somatic dysfunction of the spine, angina pectoris, back pain accompany kidney stones, appendicitis, etc. Referred pain usually involves a specific, "referred" location following a dermatome.

Electrodermatography is the recording of the electrical resistance of the skin. In skin conductance, an electro-dermographer imposes an imperceptible current across the skin and measures how easily it travels through the skin. The electrodermatogram (EDG) is derived by a particular method of measuring skin resistance.


Discovery of New Points

For the last 15 years, the author took up the task to finding new points for the EAV system, while at the same time clinically verifying Dr. Voll''s original points. Attention was paid to clinical presentations, laboratory and radiology, to the respective measurements of the points. The most valuable clinical sign of the electrodermal measurement is what is known as the indicator drop, a measurement on an analog meter that rises to a maximum point, then within 3 seconds, decays in conductance value to a lower level. In other words, the skin is unable to allow a smooth and steady conductance at a particular point in question. Indicator drops are the hallmark of functional or structural pathology.

Arthritis of the Knee


The acupuncture points Heding and Neixiyan will show indicator drops in advanced arthritis of the knee when crepitus can be heard. Unlike a mechanical popping where this popping sensation is painless and intermittent, the crepitus caused by arthritis is often painful with the indicator drop revealing confirmation. These points were never mentioned by Dr. Voll.


Prostate Gland


The Point Shugu [Bl-65] was presented by Dr. Voll as a measurement point for the prostate. However, often times, a patient presenting nocturnal polyuria and elevated PSA, this point fails to show an indicator drop. Through two years of research, the author has found a point  on the tip of the forefinger much more consistent.


Dr. Voll made little contribution to points associated with hormone production. Today we have consistent measurement points for thyroxine, TSH, estrogen, cortisol, progesterone, and others. This allows a speedy office evaluation, saving the patient time and money, one of the outstanding features of electrodermal screening.

Medication Testing

Another one of the most important advantages of the EAV method is the ''medication testing'' phenomenon. The accumulated empirical experience of the method has proved the applications have high efficiency of choosing proper medicinal remedies selected by this method with a well trained and experienced physician.  

Another one of the most important advantages of the McWilliams EAV method is the measurement of the Points of Weihe. The basis of skin palpation as a means of acupuncture point detection is the dynamic of the active points by which they can increase or decrease the body''s functional state.  In this conception the perturbation of an internal organ is a projection upon the skin''s surface by autonomic nerve tonus, modifying receptor function, becoming more sensitive, as well as more electrically conductive.  This explains the old Chinese concept of needling the painful points for relief of symptoms and our observation that these points are more electro-reactive.  The acupuncture points are most often more sensitive than surrounding tissue. 

According to the late Dr. Weihe, cutaneous painful points precisely appears when a well chosen homeopathic remedy is indicated.  We know in homeopathy that the appearance of symptoms occur with order and allow us to choose the remedies for the treatment of disease. This order is understood by the remedy''s proving, or toxicological features.  Cure, the aim of treatment of disease in homeopathy, is reversed by the administration of the homeopathic remedy. Health simply stated means freedom from modalities.  Modalities are those states, i.e. disorders with aggravations or alleviations, that are influenced by external stimuli, weather, temperature, diet, social contacts, etc.  External stimuli necessarily influence the autonomic nervous system as Hans Selye showed in his research on stress.  This explains to us the usefulness of cutaneous painful points as being regular and decisive.

Dr. Charles McWilliams is one of the few researchers that has continued his mentors methods and instructions. In clinical practice for the last twenty years, he has intently researched Voll''s acupuncture method and Weihe''s palpation points and developed an almost entirely new diagnostic system. Another one of Dr. Voll''s early students (Helmut Schimmel) simplified the diagnostic system from approximately 850 points to just 60 points, made small modifications to the equipment, and went on to help create the first model of the Vegatest. Dr. McWilliams continued to appreciate the richness of the system, and has added hundreds of useful points all over the entire body, verified by clinical presentation, radiology and laboratory reports.

Today, the electrodermal measurement system can be approached by several methods and layers of utility:

1.     Vital Signs: in its most simple application, organs and tissue systems can be scanned for liability and dysfunction, e.g. heart, nervous system, liver function, digestion, etc. This is the beginning system for newcomers. These points can be easily learned in a weekend seminar/workshop as they are located entirely on the hands and feet.

2.     Nutrition: This is a boon to nutritional counselors, as this method poses rapid detection of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. The practitioner need not wait for expensive laboratory tests, hair analysis results, etc. These points can also be easily learned in a weekend seminar/workshop as they are also located entirely on the hands and feet.

3.     Allerology: Scientists aren''t certain why we''ve seen such a rapid increase in allergies in the last few decades, but we do know environmental pollution is contributory. Food allergies are a sort of confusion within the immune system. Most of us can eat whatever we like with little trouble or mild digestive upset, but an allergic person''s immune system senses certain food proteins and triggers an intense reaction that releases a chemical called histamine. This can lead to symptoms ranging from hives, rashes and itching, headaches, to vomiting and diarrhea; and in extreme cases anaphylaxis which can be life-threatening. Food allergies can start in babyhood, high risk foods are milk, soya, egg, wheat, fish, shellfish, treenuts, peanuts, mustard and sesame seeds, and sulphites. What is little known is that homeopaths of decades past tracked these allergies through their remedies and provings, and Dr. Weihe found many of their specific palpation points: i.e. points that become spontaneously tender when the allergy develops. McWilliams has elaborated this system with the research and discovery of many (hundreds) of new points. These now can be electrically measured by McWilliams'' Electrodermal Screening Method. Again, a boon to nutritionists, naturopaths, and health consultants. We now have palpation and measurement points that can detect food allergies like milk, beef, tomato, cheese, and even ice cream. Through the Weihe method, we also have sensitivity points for vegetable oils, table salt and sugar, two important items for patients with diabetes (sugar sensitivity), obesity (trans-fatty acids), and hypertension (i.e. salt sensitivity).

4.     Toxicology: Thanks to the work and insights of Dr. Weihe and the many homeopaths who conducted provings, we know that specific toxins will excite or depress certain cutaneous zones and nerve spots that correspond with acupuncture points. We thus have such palpation points for arsenic (arsenicum album), lead (plumbum metallicum), bromine, mercury (dental amalgams), etc. The same can be said for certain toxic chemicals, thus we have such points as benzoic acid, sulphites, cotton seed and canola oils, etc.

5.     Bedside Diagnosis: The ultimate utility for physicians and naturopaths, the ability to make rapid confirmations of signs and symptoms presented by patients in the consultant chamber. Dr. McWilliams has spent many years on the confirmation and discovery of new points of EAV by comparison of laboratory tests and radiology to the deflections of abnormal skin-point measurements which can be viewed here.



Dr. McWilliams'' Healthometer is a new generation device for the 21st century. During the 20th century, so many entrepreneurs have tried to simplify and computerize Dr. Voll''s method, most only ending up in failure or ill repute. It simply does not work that way. The practitioner must learn the system from scratch, take the time to learn proper skin probing technique, understanding the electric phenomena, histology of the skin, and the variables of skill and skin pressure. It is no different than ultrasonography, which also takes the learning curve requirement, but the rewards are a boon and bounty. 

Homeopathic Testing

Traditionally, an in-circuit test-bloc was used by Dr. Voll and his followers.


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Author''s vast collection of Homeopathic vials at the Acutronic Center, Dania, Florida



After thirty years of practice, research and development, we have now reduced vast collections of valid samples into fonsblot card sets. Hundreds of physical remedies can be stored on the desktop for testing convenience.

The EAV point is identified with a deviant value, the card is placed in-circuit, and change for the better in conductance is noted as a positive identification.


The first seminary for 2014 will take place on Nevis Island, March 5-8. Register NOW

Voll''s ''Flooding'' Method, Revitalized


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Electrotherapeutic characteristics of the Healthometer can be used to achieve vital electrotherapy by restoring energy and vitality. This therapy is based on energetic concepts where you add or subtract electric balances into the body at specific body organs, body zones, or acu-points that may be experiencing, lack of vitality, pain or dysfunction.

Dr. Voll recognized that some patients, particularly the enfeebled and eldery, sometimes display ''low voltage,'' meaning their skin galvanic measurements were very low on the meter scale. He ascribed this condition due to vagotonia. Vagotonia is the state of the autonomic nervous system in which the equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system is biased towards the parasympathetic, the opposite phenomenon being sympatheticotonia. There are associated clinical syndromes like low blood pressure (hypotension), low heart rate (bradycardia), miosis of the pupils, often cold hands and feet and often avolition (a psychological state characterized by general lack of drive, or motivation to pursue meaningful goals).

The parasympathetic nervous system is dominant in situations of rest and relaxation, but also states of chronic disease, as it has an activating effect on digestive organs and a relieving one on the heart. Endurance training supports vagotonia. For example, a low heart rate may be observed with sportsmen. With trained people vagotonia isn't regarded as abnormal, but rather as beneficial and protective in effect, however with the infirmed, it signals chronic illness and depressed metabolism, hence ''low voltage.''


Edgar Cayce recommended the use of several appliances and techniques which utilize electrical energy for healing.  Some of these modalities fell within the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., violet rays) and others were described as utilizing vibrational energy or certain minerals of a low electrical nature (e.g., Wet Cell Battery, Radial Appliance, magnetic healing).

     The low electrical energy was said to be the life force or creative force within the body.  Cayce's description of this force closely parallels the various oriental traditions (e.g., acupuncture, Quigong, etc.) which recognize the biophysical dimension of healing:

     "Oriental medicine is completely consistent with the supposed "new" idea in a rational science that a person is more of a resonating field than a substance....  Quigong, simply stated, is the cultivation of Qi or vital life energy.  Stated in a more modern and scientific language, Quigong is the practice of activating, refining and circulating the human bio electrical field.  Because the bioelectrical field maintains and supports the function of the organs and tissues, Quigong can have a profound effect on health."  (Jahnke, 1990, p. 34)

Dr. Voll''s electrotherapy was completely dry using skin electrodes with a small amount of moisture. The author''s innovation is completely wet utilizing the Cayce observation that electrified minerals take on energetic, i.e. homeopathic, properties when applied.


It may be hard for our modern day minds to imagine electrotherapy as such a powerful and effective modality which had been practiced for nearly one hundred years, was condemned by the establishment went into disuse, but it did. Electric healing devices became a medical panacea in that they were reported to ''cure'' virtually every conceivable disease known to man. By 1894, over 10,000 US physicians were regularly using electrotherapy in their practice. The widespread use of electrotherapy in medical practice of is reported in a little known book - The Curative Powers of Electricity Demonstrated - gives testimony. Here are some of today''s features:

1. Flooding is useful for particular complaints, Use one electrode on one side of the body and the other on the opposite side. Use the intensity just barely tolerable on the area of patient application – hands or feet. Flood for 3 minutes and you may get a rapid result; the measurement points are raised in value, stop the treatment. Add another 5 minutes and get rid of the pain in addition to the swelling. Use alternating current with maximum intensity.

2. Flooding can be used on the ankle joint, knee joint elbow, shoulder, wrist joint and ileo-sacral joint. In addition to the joints, you can treat the lower abdominals, pain associated with any kind of irregular organ functions especially in irregular menstruation, genital or urinary organs or chronic prostatitis.

For example, the flooding technique is advantageous with chronic urinary bladder inflammation [interstitial cystitis] which is hard to cope with antibiotics.

Use as a siz bath.

3. Flooding improves the lymphatic drainage. As the transportation of poison is better, the circulation of the iymph is improved. By flooding, the stasis is treated. Flooding will take care of organic tissue. The bacteria can no longer take advantage of the situation. Flooding can take care of fibroid, vascular and lymphatic disturbances.

4. Flooding with Dead Sea Salts remineralize the body through iontophoresis, effectuating absorption of trace minerals, often slow to be absorbed by oral administration [see the author''s book – TASTE TEST DIET].

5. In generalized arthritis, flooding will relieve the pain for a short time. This is a systemic disease rather than a localized disease. For isolated particular pains, mostly the big toe joint, flooding is ideal for short intervals. For treating local pains, flood first when there is no relief with acu-point ther apy. When treating localized areas of pain that are chronic and not acute, use flooding and finish by balancing the meridians.

NOTE* The best treatment is to treat the organs since they take care of the entire body. The organs take care of the growth processes, healing, metabolic changes and catabolic changes.

6. Flooding can give pain relief but often does not cure the underlying cause, use Homeopathy.

7. Flooding is good for vertebral spine, shoulder, neck and back pain. Place the roller electrodes parallel to the spine and not on it.

Application of the Pad [Wet] Electrodes

1. Place a folded and soaking paper towel like a TENS electrode. a) Transverse flooding or arthritic/arthrotic joints.

b) Longitudinal flooding of portions of the extremities in disturbances or arterial circulation, stasis dermatitis, peripheral neuropathy, etc.

2. Flooding of organ portions in scar (keloid) formation, such as on the hand: Dupuytren's Disease, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, etc. use one electrode on the palm and the counter electrode on the dorsum of the hand.

3. Flooding after fractures. Electrodes are being placed proximally and distally to the plaster cast in order to accelerate healing. Transverse flooding of the joint following contusion or torsion to intensity resorption of hematoma.

4. For longitudinal flooding or unilateral circulatory disturbances, e.g. Raynaud''s, place electrodes proximal and distal to involved area.  





Come to Nevis for 4 days, and I'll have you performing ElectroDermal Screening & Voll type Homeopathy, full spectrum.
Each registered participant will receive an ElectroDermal Screening Unit (mini-Biotron), EDS palpation reference manual & 2-way homeopathic simulator FREE!


Wednesday (March 5) 8 - 12 PM: Clinical observations.
2 - 5 PM: The Basics and Essentials of Electrodermal Screening: Voll's methodology, accept no substitutes.
Thursday 9 -12 PM: Advanced EDS and its relation to pathophysiology (Dehydration, dysbiosis, Autonomic Dystonia, Allergies, Hypothyroidism, Adrenal Fatigue, Syndrome X, Gall stones, pre-renal failure...
2 - 5 PM: Advanced point location workshop.
Friday 9 - 12 PM: Homeopathic Medication Testing, the Voll method.
2 - 5 PM: Homeopathic medication testing workshop.
Saturday: Clinical Observations 8 - 1 PM.
3 PM: Investiture and Christening new members of SMOCH.

FEE: $2500 all inclusive, LODGING with breakfast and lunch, AND with this equipment - Voll type electrodermal measurement device with accompanying Rae Card simulator/screener, probes, reference Manual (a $2500 value alone, does not include laptop).

Register NOW

ARRIVAL/DEPATURE: St. Kitts International Airport, charming ferry (boat ride) to Nevis at sunset. 
Contact us to help you assist your tropical journey. 

WHAT YOU WILL NEED: Passport, Suntan lotion, sunglasses and laptop.